Saturday, 1 October 2016

Brain Tumor Surgery for Children in Chennai

Cancer is the most dangerous disease affecting both children and adults. The type of cancer affecting children is totally different from that of adults. The major types of cancer affecting children between the age of 0-14 are brain and other central nervous system (CNS) tumors,  acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL),  and neuroblastoma. With the advancement in treatment, there is a high increase in the survival rate of children.

The cause of cancer in children is typically unknown. Some environmental factors like exposure to radiation, some parental exposure such as smoking may also increase the risk of causing cancer in children.

Pediatric tumors

Pediatric tumors are the most common solid tumor of childhood. Brain and spinal cord tumor are the abnormal growth of cells in the brain and spinal cord. The brain tumor in children affect the lower parts of the brain like cerebellum, brain stem etc.

Can brain and spinal cord tumors in children be prevented?

It is difficult to prevent cancer in children but advanced treatment techniques can prevent it up to some extent. For children with other types of cancer, radiation therapy is a better, but doctor tries to limit the dose of radiation as much as possible.

Symptoms of Tumor

Tumors in the brain cause pressure inside the skull. Increased pressure causes:
  • Headache
  • Vomiting
  • Nausea
  • Seizures
  • Crossed eyes or blurred vision
  • Behavior changes
  • Balance problems
  • Behavior changes
  • Drowsiness or even coma

The diagnosis of brain tumors in children is sometimes very difficult because of the lack of cooperation and inability to relate their symptoms by age. The test will need to confirm the diagnosis.

Chennai Brain and Spine provide treatment for brain tumor in Chennai at cost effective rates. For more information,
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Friday, 23 September 2016

Start Living Without Lower Back Pain

Prolapsed Disc or slipped disc refers to a condition in which all or part of a spinal disc gets forced through a weakened part of the disk. The spinal discs are soft, fluid-filled structures that provide a cushioning effect to the vertebrae. Any condition that causes slippage of these discs can cause pain and discomfort in the back region. If a nerve is compressed by the herniated disc, then it may result in pain in the regions supplied by the affected nerve. This condition is often referred to as a herniated disc.


Causes of prolapsed disc

  • Sneezing
  • Awkward bending 
  • Heavy lifting
  • Continuous sitting
  • Weight-bearing sports (weightlifting, etc.)

Disc herniation is a condition commonly observed in individuals between the ages of 30 and 50 years. Men are twice more commonly known to suffer from this disease compared to women.

Symptoms of disc prolapse

  • Sensation like pricking by pins and needles
  • Mild to severe pain along the course of the nerve
  • Problems with bowel and bladder function
  • Numbness or weakness in part of a buttock, leg or foot
  • Numbness in the anus 

Surgery is often considered as the last option in the treatment of herniated disc. This option generally advised in unrelieved pain despite the following measures for home, lifestyle changes, and medications. Most individuals with prolapsed (slipped) disc symptoms usually recover within 4-6 weeks of treatment.

Dr. Shyam Sundar K an eminent Neurosurgeon in Chennai provides disc prolapse treatment In Chennai.



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Tuesday, 9 August 2016

Best Effective Spine Surgery In Chennai

Spine surgery is  practiced in those individuals who have severe problems in one or more discs in the spine. Our spine can get injured due to different reasons like, aging, trauma, improper body mechanics, structural abnormalities which may lead to back pain and other severe symptoms like, pain in leg and weakness or numbness in leg.

A chronic back pain can be considered as a situation which needs a team of health professionals to diagnose and treat it.

Open spine surgery Vs Minimally invasive spine surgery:

The traditional practice of spine surgery was carried out as open surgery. This entails the opening the operative area through a long incision. This enables the surgeon to access the spinal anatomy properly. But now as the technology has advanced and is still advancing, more and more spine disorder condition can be treated using minimally invasive surgical procedure.

As there are no involvement of any long incisions in the minimal invasive spine surgery, the open manipulation of muscles and tissue are avoided, and therefore the time duration of the operative time is made shorter. This also leads to the fast recovery of the patient.

Different surgical approaches by the surgeon:

For an open surgery and minimally invasive spine surgery, the spine can be accessed from different directions. Different approaches to access the spine are;
Anterior approach  : The surgical access to the spine is from the front of your body (through abdomen)
Posterior approach : Access to the spine is through the incision made at the back of your body.
Lateral approach : Spine is accessed through the side of your body.

Common type of spine surgeries:

A numerous conditions of spine leads to a spine surgery. The common type of Spinal Cord Surgery in Chennai include;
Discectomy or Microdiscectomy : Removal of all parts of herniated disc.
Laminectomy : Deals with the pressure relieving by removing the bone spur in the spine.
Laminotomy : Process of removing a portion of lamina that covers the spine.
Foraminotomy : Removes the  bone in the passage where the nerve root branches off the spinal cord.
Disc replacement : An injured disc is replaced with an artificial cord.
Spinal fusion : A surgical approach to join two vertebrae.

Dr. Shyam Sundar K, one of the pioneers of neurosurgery in Chennai, provides you the spine surgery in Chennai. He, the best neurosurgeon in Chennai, from his valuable experience in the field, has always consider the patient's complete satisfaction. Having an access to the advanced level of technological strategies, you are offered by the most effective spinal cord tumor treatment Chennai.

If you do suffer from any spine issues,

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Wednesday, 6 July 2016

Best Stroke Treatment

A stroke can be defined as a "brain attack". This happens when a particular area of brain is cut off or blood clots and the blood flows to that region. This deprives the oxygen in cells of that region. This disables the activities that are controlled by that particular region such as loss of memory and muscle control.

People affected by stroke depend on the location on the brain and the severity with which stroke has happened. People affected by small stroke may have some temporary weakness of arms and legs. But those with severe strokes may undergo the danger of paralysis and may even cause death. Most of the people affected with paralysis suffer from some disabilities.

Causes of stroke:
Strokes normally occur when the blood supply to the brain is stopped or blocked, or if the blood cells in brain gets ruptured due to any reason. This will damage the blood tissues and make them completely function less.

Symptoms of stroke:
Symptoms of strokes occurs normally suddenly when it happens. Its symptoms may include,
  • Confusion in speaking and understanding while conversing
  • Severe headache which is accompanied with altered vomiting and unconsciousness
  • Numbness or tingling on one side of the body (normally face, arms and legs)
  • Vision trouble (in any one or in both eyes)
  • Trouble in walking (unbalanced or lack in coordination)

Risk factor of Stroke:
People above the age of 55 are most affected by stroke. This may be sometimes hereditary but mostly this happens in people with obesity, high cholesterol, diabetes, hypertension those who use alcohol and cigarette in a heavy manner. People who suffer from cardiovascular disease like, heart failure, heart infection and abnormal heart rhythm, are also at the risk of stroke.

Treatments for stroke:
Stroke takes fifth position in the list of disorders causing human death. This being a terrible disease it should be treated immediately when detected. Providing the emergency medications like clot busting drugs in order to remove the blood clot is the first step adopted during stroke treatment. Medications are directly delivered to brain to the area where stroke has occurred.
Further treatment may include controlling the bleeding and pressure reduction in brain. Surgical methods are adopted to repair the damaged blood tissues.

Dr. Shyam Sundar K, an expert in various branches of neurosurgery providing you the best treatment for stroke, is presently consulting as Neurosurgeon at Achantha Lakshmipathy Neurosurgical centre in Chennai. His great experience, makes him efficient at his profession.

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A moment can destroy your Life but another can save..!!

Tuesday, 5 July 2016

Treating Back and Neck Pain from A to Z

Do you feel any back or neck pain?? Are you an IT employee?? Do you have craze in bike riding?? Is your age between 30 and 55??

You might have confused about the unrelated question asked. But the actual truth is, all this questions are related. Most of us are suffering from back and  neck pains. But, we are not taking the initiative to find out the reason and to cure it . Only thing we are doing is, we just neglect this pain without knowing the consequences of it. Back pain and Neck Pain are the important signs of of Disc Problems. What is actually a disc problem??? It is the condition where we fails to straighten or bend because of pain. Disc problems can be worser. It is commonly found in IT employees, hardcore bike riders and in middle aged people.

Back Pain includes lower, upper and middle back pains. Lack of exercise, smoking, arthritis (inflammation of joints which cause pain) and degenerative disc disease are some Causes Of Back Pain. In the case of neck, pain may occur from bottom part of head to top of the shoulder area.  Poor positioning of the body, placing the neck in bad position while sleeping and working at a chair for a long time without changing the position.

1.  IT employees : IT employees has to sit in front of the computer for long period of time    without changing their position. And this leads to disc problems.  Here are few tips for  preventing disc related problems in IT employees :

  • Height of your chair - Chair should be in a proper height so that we can see the screen without bending or looking up
  • Screen position - Screen must be in suitable position which help us to view the screen without any effort.
  • Seating gesture - It is the most important factor everyone must look into. Improve the way of sitting reduces the pain.

2.  Bike riders : Bike riding is really a great passion for almost all. There are many small    reason among which many of them are unnoticed.  And these reasons leads to all the
Disc problems. if you follow the points mentioned below you can enjoy your riding without any problems.

  • Sit well forward
  • Keeps the head up and place the chin in the direction of travel
  • Be relaxed while driving

3.  People of age between 30  and 55 : When we become aged, we experience pain  in our back. Lifting or pulling heavy objects, tension, over usage of muscles and smoking are the main reason why pain commonly affects middle aged people.

Treatments are available for the disk problems, which includes Medical Management, Physiotherapy and surgery. Medical management involves medication given for pain (aspirin), narcotics (codeine), can be given orally or injected (steroids). Physiotherapy is classified into active and passive therapy. Stretching and weight lifting is related to active. massage and ultrasound is the part of passive therapy. Replacing disk the main surgery option available.

By reading above, everyone might have figured out the points to be taken care. Those who have disc problem. It's your rights to pick the Best Treatment Centers for Disc Problems. Chennaibrainandspine provides the best Disc Problem Treatments in Chennai.

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Saturday, 11 June 2016

Brain Tumor Treatment in Chennai

Tumor is the mass of tissue that is formed due to the accumulation of abnormal cells. The cells normally age, die and will be replaced by new cells. But these cell cycle become interrupted due to cancer and tumor. Although the body doesn't require tumor cells, they will grow considerably adding more and more cells. These tumor cells will not die and so the growth continues increasing its mass.

The tumor which emerge from the various cells in the brain is termed as brain tumor. According to the kind of brain cells in which they first form, they are named differently. Brain tumors normally emerge from the various cells that make up the brain and central nervous system. 

Brain Tumor Treatment

Brain tumor can of of two types,

  • Malignant tumor
  • Benign tumor
Malignant tumor are cancerous tumors which contains cancer cells which are highly dangerous. Benign tumor are non-cancerous in nature.

Malignant brain tumors which are cancerous that originate in the brain, grows faster than benign tumors (non-cancerous). Although brain cancer rarely spreads to other organs, it will spread to other parts of the brain and central nervous system.

Benign brain tumors are usually not deeply rooted and so it is easy to surgically remove. But even after the removal, they can still come back, although benign tumors are less likely to recur than malignant tumors.

According to the type of occurrence brain tumor can be classified in to two,

  • Primary brain tumor
  • Secondary brain tumor
A primary brain tumor is a tumor which starts in the brain and there it continues to grow.

If there is a cancerous tumor else were in the body, it sends cells which end up growing in the brain. These types of brain tumors are called secondary or metastatic brain tumors.

Symptoms of Brain Tumor :

Brain tumor symptoms vary according to the location and type of tumor. Since different areas of the brain control different functions of the body, where the tumor lies affects the way symptoms are manifested. Some tumors doesn't show any symptoms but will effect in the decline of health. 

Symptoms of Brain Tumor

  • One of the common symptom for brain tumor is headache.
  • Seizures
  • Balance problems
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Problems with memory
  • Change in speech, vision and hearing
  • Changes in mood, personality or ability to concentrate
  • Numbness or tingling in arms or legs

Brain Tumor Diagnosis :

The diagnosis of brain tumor starts by asking some normal questions to check whether the patient is showing any symptoms, if doctors suspect a brain tumor, then they may request for any of the following tests,

  • Imaging tests like CT or MRI to see detailed images of brain. 
  • MRA or angiogram. Here x-rays or dyes are used to get idea about the blood vessels in the brain. Thus to check whether there is any signs of abnormality.

Brain Tumor Treatment :

Surgery to remove the tumor is normally the principal choice once a brain tumor has been detected. However, a few tumors can't be surgically removed due to their position in the brain. In those cases, chemotherapy and radiation treatment are the choices for shrinking and killing the tumor. In some cases, chemotherapy or radiation therapy is likewise utilized after surgery to kill any remaining cancer cells. Tumors that are deeply rooted in the brain or located in areas that are difficult to reach might be treated with Gamma Knife therapy, which is a type of focused radiation treatment.

Brain Tumor Treatment in Chennai

Brain and Spine Center provides the best Brain Tumor Treatment in Chennai. Here more advanced and sophisticated treatments are delivered with the help of highly qualified and experienced Neurosurgeon in Chennai.

For the clarification of any doubts regarding brain and spine problems, feel free to contact our expert..

Thursday, 21 January 2016

Get Relief from Severe Pain with Intervertebral Disk Replacement

The purpose of installing the artificial intervertebral disc is to eliminate pain and improve mobility in patients with chronic back pain. Currently, this surgery is a modern alternative to spinal fusion - fusion of two vertebrae. When spinal fusion there is a risk of degenerative changes in the vertebrae.

Intervertebral discs are located between the vertebrae and act as shock absorbers. In addition, the intervertebral discs of the spine movements promote its flexion, extension.

In the aging process erases intervertebral discs, they may form defects, degenerative changes. Through these defects can extend in a herniation of the nucleus pulposus, which is located in the center of the disc. The aim of the replacement of the intervertebral disc with an artificial one is to restore the movement between the vertebrae.

Safety of artificial intervertebral discs
American organization FDA, which is responsible for approving new drugs recently approved the use of artificial intervertebral discs. There is currently no long-term results of this type of treatment of disc herniation.

Preparation for surgery
Preparation for surgery to replace the intervertebral discs is the same as with other operations in spinal surgery. It spent the whole spectrum of research, which are necessary before surgery (blood, urine, x-ray and other imaging techniques). Before the surgery, the patient visits the anesthesiologist. It turns out the presence of allergy to drugs.

How is the operation
The operation is performed transabdominal, that is, access to the spine through the abdomen is obtained. After incision abdominal contents is moved sideways and becomes visible spine. Struck by the intervertebral disc is removed. In its place installed two metal plates. Between them installed plastic backup to the vertebrae can move between them.

After operation
Most of the patients after surgery can have a little walk in the evening. After two or three days, the patient may be discharged. During the first month after surgery should limit physical activity. The recovery period after such operation takes about six to seven months. 

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